This learn of struggle in Southeast Asia among the fourteenth and 19th centuries examines the executive facets of war within the quarter. It starts with an exam of the cultural positive aspects that made battle within the area distinctive, through a dialogue of the most guns used, and the 2 significant websites of struggling with, sieges and naval contests. 3 chapters learn the position performed by way of animals resembling elephants and horses. the ultimate chapters study the shift from mercenary armies and lots more and plenty of levies to smaller status armies. The research closes with an exam of the tumultuous 19th century, during which ecu naval strength gained the coast and rivers, whereas Southeast Asians held the virtue extra inland.
The definition and suggestion of frontiers replaced within the technique of the transformation of the Roman global. This quantity is going past topography to discover the which means and impression of latest frontiers as they have been establised. It turns into transparent that the transformation of frontiers used to be now not a linear strategy within which the imperial frontiers have been deserted and the technique of controlling them declined, yet relied on particular situations. 4 of the contributions take care of the frontiers of the Carolingian Empire of their political and armed forces features, in addition to within the context of Christian conversion and missions. 3 of the contributions speak about Roman frontiers and their conception in overdue antiquity, demonstrating that they weren't easily defence traces, but additionally a foundation for offensive operations, a spotlight in complicated trade networks and a method of inner keep an eye on. different papers describe the frontiers of early medieval kingdoms, of which suggest theoretical versions, while others examine the development and the blurring of frontiers among the empire and the kingdoms of the Visigoths, Lombards and Avars.
At a world symposium in Norway, the a hundred years anniversary of the educational examine of faith used to be celebrated. This quantity comprises the papers that have been awarded at this convention. an enormous a part of the papers bargains with the location of this self-discipline round the flip of the final century, focussing in particular at the paintings of the Dutch-Norwegian student W. Brede Kristensen (1867-1953) and on different founding fathers within the Scandinavian international locations. different individuals speak about methodological questions on the subject of the belief of a phenomenology of faith. additionally, an try is made to match the learn of faith on the finish of the 20th century with the location 100 years prior, and to track the various traces of improvement. The e-book features a bibliography of courses by way of W. Brede Kristensen."
By Eric R Varner
The condemnation of reminiscence inexorably altered the visible panorama of imperial Rome. Representations of 'bad' emperors, similar to Caligula, Nero, Domitian, Commodus, or Elagabalus have been many times reconfigured into likenesses of positive successors or respected predecessors. then again, photos should be bodily attacked and mutilated or perhaps finished in effigy. From the overdue first century B.C. until eventually the fourth century A.D., the recycling and destruction of pictures of emperors, empresses, and different participants of the imperial relations happened on an unlimited scale and sometimes marked classes of violent political transition. This quantity catalogues and translates the sculptural, glyptic, numismatic and epigraphic proof for "damnatio memoriae" and finally finds its praxis to be on the middle of Roman cultural identification.
This can be the 1st accomplished paintings on one of many key figures in early Chinese-Western kin. Xu Guangqi used to be one of many first promoters of Western technological know-how in China, labored including the Jesuit Matteo Ricci on translations of Western technological know-how, used to be one of many first chinese language converts, a high-ranking statesman, organizer of an incredible calendar reform, brought Western guns into the chinese language military, and so forth. and so forth. His astonishingly multifarious actions at the moment are for the 1st time pieced jointly inside of their (Chinese and Western) social, highbrow and cultural context. the result's a composite profile of this complicated determine that's solidly anchored in chinese language (and Western) basic resources an enormous success.
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A magisterial new instruction manual replaces the dialogue of water expertise in antiquity in R.J. Forbes "Studies in old expertise" and the 1st volumes of "A historical past of Technology," edited by way of Charles Singer et al. It surveys water use and water know-how in a space from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic Ocean, from the start of the Neolithic interval as much as ca. A.D. six hundred, in keeping with the archaeological and written proof. eleven authors from very various backgrounds and with various scholarly views speak about the socio-economic history, irrigation and drainage, water offer, water in sport (fountains, baths, etc.), greater hydraulic works (canals and sluices, dams, drainage), water-power, water laws and the management of water assets. This guide accommodates the result of 4 a long time of ancient learn, very important archaeological reveals, broad theoretical debate in an actual, updated and trustworthy method and provides students and scholars a brand new foundation for dialogue of technical growth in antiquity.
By S N Balagangadhara
This present day, so much intellectuals agree that (a) Christianity has profoundly encouraged western tradition; (b) contributors from diverse cultures adventure many points of the realm in a different way; (c) the empirical and theoretical examine of either tradition and faith emerged in the West. the current learn argues that those truisms have implications for the conceptualization of faith and tradition. extra in particular, the thesis is that non-western cultures and religions vary from the descriptions regular within the West, and it's also defined why this has been the case. the writer proposes novel analyses of faith, the Roman 'religio', the development of 'religions' in India, and the character of cultural changes. faith is necessary to the West as the structure and the identification of western tradition is tied to the dynamic of Christianity as a faith.
By Billie Jean Collins
This publication is set all points of guy s touch with the animal global; sacrifice, sacred animals, nutrition, domestication, briefly, from the elegant to the mundane. Chapters on paintings, literature, faith and animal husbandry give you the reader with an entire photo of the complicated relationships among the peoples of the traditional close to East and (their) animals. A reference advisor and key to the menagerie of the traditional close to East, with abundant unique illustrations."
By Charles H Talbert
This quantity pulls jointly 13 essays written by means of the writer because the past due 1970's which provide a particular, coherent examining of Luke-Acts. Twelve of the essays specialise in the theological views of Luke and Acts as they are often discerned from the perspective of imaginative and prescient of the "authorial viewers" as delineated by way of the non-biblical literary critic, Peter J. Rabinowitz. the ultimate essay specializes in the potential ancient price of Acts and the method fascinated by judging that danger.